A notebook lying open on a desk, with a pen lying on one of the pages. The pages are blank.

Learning Objectives

This module will help you to:

  1. Explain the effects of dysgraphia (disorder of written expression) on learning in the classroom.
  2. Understand the types of accommodations or other support that can help meet the educational needs of students with dysgraphia.
  3. Know how to support a student with dysgraphia.


According to the National Center for Learning Disabilities (2006), dysgraphia is a learning disability that affects writing, which requires complex motor and information processing skills. Dysgraphia makes the act of writing difficult. It can lead to problems with spelling, handwriting, and putting thoughts on paper. People with dysgraphia can have trouble organizing the necessary components of a letter, essay, or assignments.

Common characteristics of people with dysgraphia include1:

  • Illegible handwriting or poor pencil grip
  • Avoiding writing or drawing tasks
  • Tiring quickly while writing
  • Difficulty with syntax, structure, and grammar
  • Saying words out loud while writing
  • Unfinished or omitted words in sentences
  • Difficulty organizing thoughts on paper
  • Large gap between written ideas and understanding demonstrated through speech.
  • 1. National Center for Learning Disabilities (2006).