Attention Deficit & Hyperactivity

A young woman, facing the viewer, sitting behind a desk with a computer monitor, looking at a book.

Learning Objectives

This module will help you to:

  1. Explain the effects of ADHD on learning in the classroom.
  2. Understand the types of accommodations or other support that can help meet the educational needs of students with ADHD.
  3. Know how to support a student with ADHD.


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder found in both children and adults. Although there is no consensus amongst available research literature as to the underlying cause of the disorder, one of the most predominant perspectives suggests that ADHD is a disorder of the executive functions of the brain, which regulate “intentional, goal-directed, problem-solving action.” 2

People with ADHD often experience challenges with “behavioural inhibition, sustained attention and resistance to distraction, and the regulation of one’s activity level to the demands of a situation (hyperactivity or restlessness).” 3 Due to these challenges, people with ADHD may feel that it is impossible to become organized, remember and keep appointments, arrive on time, and be productive.

  • 2. Cox (2013).
  • 3. Barkley (n.d.).